Class 10 Biology Sample Paper Solution - CBSE | 2022

1. The structure of bilobed anther consists of 

A. 2 thecae, 2 sporangia 
B. 4 thecae, 4 sporangia 
C. 4 thecae, 2 sporangia 
D. 2 thecae, 4 sporangia

2. In the figure of anatropous ovule given below, choose the correct option for the characteristic distribution of cells within the typical embryo sac



Number of cells at
chalazal end
Number of cells at
micropylar end
Number of nuclei left in
central cell
A323
B332
C233
D224



3. The coconut water from tender coconut is 

A. cellular endosperm. 
B. free nuclear endosperm. 
C. both cellular and nuclear endosperm. 
D. free nuclear embryo.



4. Pollen grains are well preserved as fossils because of presence of 

A. sporopollenin 
B. cellulose 
C. lignocellulose 
D. pectocellulose
5. Which of the following statements are true related to Seed X and Y?


(i) Seed X is dicot and endospermic or albuminous. 
(ii) Seed X is dicot and non-endospermic or non-albuminous. 
(iii) Seed Y is monocot and endospermic or albuminous. 
(iv) Seed Y is monocot and non-endospermic or non-albuminous.

Choose the correct option with the respect to the nature of the seed 

A. (i), (iii) 
B. (ii), (iii) 
C. (i), (iv) 
D. (ii), (iv)


6. Which of the following statements are correct with respect to hormones secreted by placenta? 

(i) Placenta secretes relaxin during later stage of pregnancy. 
(ii) Placenta secretes high amount of FSH during pregnancy. 
(iii) Placenta secretes relaxin during initial stage of pregnancy. 
(iv) Placenta secretes hCG and hPL during pregnancy. 

A. (i) and (iv) 
B. (i), (ii) and (iv) 
C. (iii) and (iv) 
D. (ii), (iii) and (iv)


7. Figure A shows the front view of the human female reproductive system and Figure Bshows the development of a fertilized human egg cell 

Figure A


Figure B.


Identify the correct stage of development of human embryo (Figure B) that takes place at the site X, Y and Z respectively in the human female reproductive system (Figure A). 

Choose the correct option from the table below:


XYZ
AMorulaFertilized eggBlastocyst
BUnfertilized eggFertilized eggMorula
CBlastocyst Fertilized egg Unfertilized egg
DFertilized eggMorula Blastocyst


8. Penetration of the sperm in the ovum is followed by 

A. formation of first polar body. 
B. completion of meiosis II. 
C. first meiosis. 
D. dissolution of zona pellucida.


9. The correct sequence of hormone secretion from beginning of menstruation is 

A. FSH, progesterone, estrogen. 
B. estrogen, FSH, progesterone. 
C. FSH, estrogen, progesterone. 
D. estrogen, progesterone, FSH.


10. In the dioecious aquatic plant shown, identify the characteristics of the male flowers that reach the female flowers for pollination:



Size of the flowerColour of flowerCharacteristic feature of pollengrain
Asmall brightly colouredLight weight and non-sticky
Blargecolourlesslarge and sticky
Csmall whitesmall, covered with mucilage
Dlargecolourless non sticky


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11. The thalamus contributes to the fruit formation in 

A. banana. 
B. orange. 
C. strawberry. 
D. guava.
12. How many types of gametes would be produced if the genotype of a parent is AaBB? 

A. 1 
B. 2 
C. 3 
D. 4
13. Which of the following statements indicates parallelism in genes and chromosomes? 

(i) They occur in pairs 
(ii) They segregate during gamete formation 
(iii) They show linkage 
(iv) Independent pairs segregate independently 

A. (i) and (iii) 
B. (ii) and (iii) 
C. (i), (ii) and (iii) 
D. (i), (ii) and (iv)
 



14. Which of the following amino acid substitution is responsible for causing sickle cell anemia? 

A. Valine is substituted by Glutamic acid in the α globin chain at the sixth position 
B. Valine is substituted by Glutamic acid in the β globin chain at seventh position 
C. Glutamic acid is substituted by Valine in the α globin chain at the sixth position 
D. Glutamic acid is substituted by Valine in the β globin chain at the sixth position


15. In human beings, where genotype AABBCC represents dark skin colour, aabbcc represents light skin colour and AaBbCc represents intermediate skin colour; the pattern of genetic inheritance can be termed as: 

A. Pleiotropy and codominance 
B. Pleiotropy and incomplete dominance 
C. Polygenic and qualitative inheritance 
D. Polygenic and quantitative inheritance

16. Which of the following combination of chromosome numbers represents the correct sex determination pattern in honey bees? 

A. Male 32, Female 16 
B. Male 16, Female 32 
C. Male 31, Female 32 
D. Female 32, Male 31


17. Rajesh and Mahesh have defective haemoglobin due to genetic disorders. Rajesh has too few globin molecules while Mahesh has incorrectly functioning globin molecules.Identify the disorder they are suffering from.

 RajeshMahesh
A.Sickle cell anaemia – an autosome linked recessive traitThalassemia – an autosome linked dominant trait
B.Thalassemia – an autosome linked recessive blood disorderSickle cell anaemia – an autosome linked recessive trait
C.Sickle cell anemia – an autosome linked recessive traitThalassemia – an autosome linked recessive blood disorder
D.Thalassemia – an autosome linked recessive blood disorderSickle cell anaemia – an autosome linked dominant trait

18. Which of the following criteria must a molecule fulfil to act as a genetic material? 

(i) It should not be able to generate its replica 
(ii) It should chemically and structurally be stable 
(iii) It should not allow slow mutation 
(iv) It should be able to express itself in the form of Mendelian Characters 

A. (i) and (ii) 
B. (ii) and (iii) 
C. (iii) and (iv) 
D. (ii) and (iv)

 


19. The promoter site and the terminator site for transcription are located at 

A. 3′ (downstream) end and 5′ (upstream) end, respectively of the transcription unit 
B. 5′ (upstream) end and 3′ (downstream) end, respectively of the transcription unit 
C. the 5′ (upstream) end of the transcription unit 
D. the 3′ (downstream) end of the transcription unit



20. Which of the following is correct about mature RNA in eukaryotes? 

A. Exons and introns do not appear in the mature RNA. 
B. Exons appear, but introns do not appear in the mature RNA. 
C. Introns appear, but exons do not appear in the mature RNA. 
D. Both exons and introns appear in the mature RNA.


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21. In E.coli, the lac operon gets switched on when 

A. lactose is present and it binds to the repressor. 
B. repressor binds to operator. 
C. RNA polymerase binds to the operator. 
D. lactose is present and it binds to RNA polymerase.


22. Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod and Maclyn McCarty used enzymes to purify biochemicals such as proteins, DNA and RNA from the heat-killed S cells to see which ones could transform live R cells into S cells in Griffith's experiment. They observed that 

A. Proteases and RNases affected transformation. 
B. DNase inhibited transformation. 
C. Proteases and Lipases affected transformation. 
D. RNases inhibited transformation.
AUG on the mRNA will result in the activation of which of the following RNA having correct combination of amino acids:


Site ASite B
AUACMethionine
BMethionineUAC
CMethionineAUG
DAUGMethionine


24. Short stretches of DNA used to identify complementary sequence in a sample arecalled 

A. probes 
B. markers 
C. VNTRs 
D. primers
25. Assertion: Lactational amenorrhea is the natural method of contraception. 
Reason: It increases the phagocytosis of sperm.

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
B. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A 
C. A is true but R is false 
D. A is False but R is true

 

26. Assertion: Saheli, an oral contraceptive for females, contains a steroidal preparation. 
Reason: It is a "once a week" pill with very few side effects

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
B. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A 
C. A is true but R is false 
D. A is False but R is true


27. Assertion: Parturition is induced by a complex neuro endocrine meachanism. 
Reason: At the end of gestation period, the maternal pituitary releases prolactin which causes uterine contractions.

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
B. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A 
C. A is true but R is false 
D. A is False but R is true
 


28. Assertion: When the two genes in a dihybrid cross are situated on the same chromosome, the proportion of parental gene combinations is much higher than nonparental type. 
Reason: Higher parental gene combinations can be attributed to crossing over between two genes.

A. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
B. Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A 
C. A is true but R is false 
D. A is False but R is true


29. Concentration of which of the following substances will decrease in the maternal blood as it flows from embryo to placenta through the umbilical cord?
Concentration of which of the following substances will decrease in the maternal blood as it flows from embryo to placenta through the umbilical cord?
i. Oxygen 
ii. Amino Acids 
iii. Carbon dioxide 
iv. Urea 

A. i and ii 
B. ii and iv 
C. iii and iv 
D. i and iv


30. In a fertilized ovule, n, 2n and 3n conditions occur respectively in 

A. antipodal, zygote and endosperm 
B. zygote, nucellus and endosperm 
C. endosperm, nucellus and zygote. 
D. antipodals, synergids and integusments


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31. A botanist studying Viola (common pansy) noticed that one of the two flower types withered and developed no further due to some unfavorable condition, but the other flower type on the same plant survived and it resulted in an assured seed set. Which of the following will be correct? 

A. The flower type which survived is Cleistogamous and it always exhibits autogamy 
B. The flower type which survived is Chasmogamous and it always exhibits geitonogamy. 
C. The flower type which survived is Cleistogamous and it exhibits both autogamy and geitonogamy. 
D. The flower type which survived is Chasmogamous and it never exhibits autogamy.


32. During parturition, a pregnant woman is having prolonged labour pains and child birth has to be fastened. It is advisable to administer a hormone that can 

A. increase the metabolic rate. 
B. release glucose in the blood. 
C. stimulate the ovary. 
D. activate smooth muscles.


33. A female undergoing IVF treatment has blocked fallopian tubes. The technique by which the embryo with more than 8 blastomeres will be transferred into the female for further development is 

A. ZIFT 
B. GIFT 
C. IUT 
D. AI


34. The mode of action of the copper ions in an IUD is to 

A. increase the movement of sperms. 
B. decrease the movement of the sperms. 
C. make the uterus unsuitable for implantation. 
D. make the cervix hostile to the sperms.


35. To produce 400 seeds, the number of meiotic divisions required will be 

A. 400 
B. 200 
C. 500 
D. 800

36. A cross is made between tall pea plants having green pods and dwarf pea plants having yellow pods. In the F2 generation, out of 80 plants how many are likely to be tallplants? 

A. 15 
B. 20 
C. 45 
D. 60


37. In Antirrhinum, RR is phenotypically red flowers, rr is white and Rr is pink. Select the correct phenotypic ratio in F1 generation when a cross is performed between RR X Rr: 

A. 1 red: 2 Pink: 1 white 
B. 2 Pink: 1 white 
C. 2 Red: 2 Pink 
D. All Pink


38. What would be the genotype of the parents if the offspring have the phenotypes in 1:1 proportion? 

A. Aa X Aa 
B. AA X AA 
C. Aa X AA 
D. Aa x aa


39. 
What is the pattern of inheritance in the above pedigree chart? 

A. Autosomal dominant 
B. Autosomal recessive 
C. Sex -linked dominant 
D. Sex -linked recessive

What is the pattern of inheritance in the above pedigree chart?




40. A couple has two daughters. What is the probability that the third child will also be a female? 

A. 25% 
B. 50% 
C. 75% 
D. 100%


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41. Genotypic ratio of 1:2:1 is obtained in a cross between 

A. AB X AB 
B. Ab X Ab 
C. Ab X ab 
D. ab X ab


42. Total number of nucleotide sequences of DNA that codes for a hormone is 1530. The proportion of different bases in the sequence is found to be Adenine = 34%, Guanine = 19%, Cytosine = 23%, Thymine = 19%. Applying Chargaff’s rule, what conclusion can be drawn? 

A. It is a double stranded circular DNA. 
B. It is a single stranded DNA. 
C. It is a double stranded linear DNA. 
D. It is a single stranded DNA coiled on Histones.


43. A stretch of an euchromatin has 200 nucleosomes. How many bp will there be in the stretch and what would be the length of the typical euchromatin? 

A. 20,000 bp and 13,000 x10-9 m 
B. 10,000 bp and 10,000 x10-9 m 
C. 40,000 bp and 13,600 x10-9 m 
D. 40,000 bp and 13,900 x10-9 m


44. Observe structures A and B given below. Which of the following statements are correct?


A. A is having 2'-OH group which makes it less reactive and structurally stable, whereas B is having 2'-H group which makes it more reactive and unstable. 
B. A is having 2'-OH group which makes it more reactive and structurally unstable, whereas B is having 2'-H group which makes it less reactive and structurally stable. 
C. A and B both have -OH groups which make it more reactive and structurally stable. 
D. A and B both are having -OH groups which make it less reactive and structurally stable



45. If Meselson and Stahl's experiment is continued for sixth generations in bacteria, the ratio of Heavy strands 15N/15N :Hybrid15N/14N : light 14N/14N containing DNA in the sixth generation would be 

A. 1:1:1 
B. 0:1:7 
C. 0:1:15 
D. 0:1:31
46. Two important RNA processing events lead to specialized end sequences in most human mRNAs:       (i)       at the 5’ end, and        (ii)        at the 3’ end. At the 5’end the most distinctive specialized end nucleotide,        (iii)        is added and a sequence of about 200        (iv)        is added to the 3’ end. 

A. (i) Initiator codon (ii) Promotor (iii) Terminator codon (iv) Release factors
B. (i). Promotor (ii) Elongation (iii) Regulation (iv) Termination.
C.(i) Capping (ii) Polyadenylation (iii) mGppp (iv) Poly(A).  (iv) Poly(A).
D. (i) Repressor (ii) Co repressor (iii) Operon (iv) sRelease factors


47. What are minisatellites? 

A. 10-40 bp sized small sequences within the genes 
B. Short coding repetitive region on the eukaryotic genome 
C. Short non-coding repetitive sequence forming large portion of eukaryotic genome 
D. Regions of coding strands of the DNA


48. There was a mix-up at the hospital after a fire accident in the nursery division. Which of these children belong to the parents?

There was a mix-up at the hospital after a fire accident in the nursery division. Which of these children belong to the parents?

A. All of the children 
B. Children 2, 3 & 6 
C. Children 1 & 3 
D. Children 2 & 4


To answer the questions, study the graphs below for Subject 1 and 2 showing different levels of certain hormones.



49. The peak observed in Subject 1 and 2 is due to 

A. estrogen 
B. progesterone 
C. luteinizing hormone 
D. follicle stimulating hormone

50. Subject 2 has higher level of hormone B, which is 

A. estrogen 
B. progesterone 
C. luteinizing hormone 
D. follicle stimulating hormone


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51. If the peak of Hormone A does not appear in the study for Subject 1, which of the following statement is true? 

A. Peak of Hormone B will be observed at a higher point in the graph 
B. Peak of Hormone B will be observed at a point lower than what is given in the graph 
C. There will be no observed data for Hormone B 
D. The graph for Hormone B will be a sharp rise followed by a plateau



52. Which structure in the ovary will remain functional in subject 2? 

A. Corpus Luteum 
B. Tertiary follicle 
C. Graafian follicle 
D. Primary follicle



53. For subject 2 it is observed that the peak for hormone B has reached the plateau stage. After approximately how much time will the curve for hormone B descend? 

A. 28 days 
B. 42 days 
C. 180 days 
D. 280 days


54. Which of the following statements is true about the subjects? 

A. Subject 1 is pregnant 
B. Subject 2 is pregnant 
C. Both subject 1 and 2 are pregnant 
D. Both subject 1 and 2 are not pregnant

55. The gene that controls the ABO blood group system in human beings has three alleles -`"I"^{"A"}` , `"I"^{"B"}` and i. A child has blood group O. His father has blood group A and mother has blood group B. Genotypes of other off springs can be:

i. `"I"^{"B"}``"I"^{"B"}`
ii. `"I"^{"A"}`i
iii. `"I"^{"B"}`i
iv. `"I"^{"A"}``"I"^{"B"}`
v. ii

A. i, ii, iii, v
B. ii, iii ,iv, v
C. iii, iv, v
D. iv, iii, i


56. Placed below is a karyo type of a human being.

Placed below is a karyo type of a human being

On the basis of this karyotype, which of the following conclusions can be drawn: 

A. Normal human female 
B. Person is suffering from Colour Blindness 
C. Affected individual is a female with Down’s syndrome 
D. Affected individual is a female with Turner’s syndrome


57. Given below is a dihybrid cross performed on Drosophila.

Given below is a dihybrid cross performed on Drosophila

Which of the following conclusions can be drawn on the basis of this cross? When yellow bodied (y), white eyed (w) Drosophila females were hybridized with brown bodied (y+), red eyed males (w+) and F1 progenies were intercrossed, F2 generation would have shown the following ratio: 

A. 1:2:1 because of linkage of genes 
B. 9:3:3:1 because of recombination of genes 
C. Deviation from 9:3:3:1 ratio because of segregation of genes 
D. Deviation from 9:3:3:1 ratio because of linkage of genes


58. Which cellular process is shown below?

Which cellular process is shown below

A. DNA Replication 
B. Translation - Initiation 
C. Translation - Elongation 
D. Translation – Termination


59. Origin of replication of DNA in E. coli is shown below, Identify the labelled parts (i),(ii), (iii) and (iv)

Origin of replication of DNA in E. coli

A. (i)- discontinuous synthesis , (ii)- continuous synthesis (iii) 3’ end (iv) 5’end 
B. (i)- continuous synthesis , (ii)- discontinuous synthesis (iii) 5’ end (iv) 3’end 
C. (i)- discontinuous synthesis, (ii)- continuous synthesis (iii) 5’ end (iv) 3’end 
D. (i)- continuous synthesis , (ii)- discontinuous synthesis (iii) 3’ end (iv) 5’end



60. Transcription unit is represented in the diagram given below

Transcription unit

Identify site (i), factor (ii) and Enzyme (iii) responsible for carrying out the process. 

A. (i) Promoter Site, (ii) Rho factor (iii) RNA polymerase 
B. (i) Terminator Site, (ii) Sigma factor (iii) RNA polymerase 
C. (i) Promoter Site, (ii) Sigma factor (iii) RNA polymerase 
D. (i) Promoter Site, (ii) Sigma factor (iii) DNA polymerase


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