Describe the physical and economic factors that influenced the distribution patterns of the Indian Railways network.
The physical and economic factors that influenced the distribution pattern of Indian Railways:
- Northern Plains were the most favourable because of its level land, and high population density.
- In the peninsular region, railway tracks were made on low hills or through gaps and tunnels because it was a hilly region.
- Northern mountains are unfavourable for railways because of the altitude, low population density and less economic activities.
- The sandy plains of Rajasthan, Gujarat swamps and forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand are unfavourable for the construction of railways.
- Konkan railway has made it convenient for the movement of goods and passengers in the most important economic region of India.