In a throw of a pair of dice, the probability of the same number on each die is

(a) `1/6`

(b) `1/3`

(c) `1/2`

(d) `5/6`

(a) `1/6`

Total Number of outcomes = 36

Number of Out comes of same number on each die = 6

Probability of same number on each die = `"Number of Out comes of same number on each die"/"Total Number of outcomes"`

= `6/36`

= `1/6`

So, the probability of the same number on each die is 1/6.

**Explanation:**

Total Number of outcomes = 36

Number of Out comes of same number on each die = 6

Probability of same number on each die = `"Number of Out comes of same number on each die"/"Total Number of outcomes"`

= `6/36`

= `1/6`

So, the probability of the same number on each die is 1/6.